Involuntary Resettlement

Involuntary resettlement is a process that aims to manage social-environmental impacts and guarantee the return of livelihoods to eligible people and families, who suffer temporary or permanent physical and/or economic displacement due to the Company's activity. Involuntary resettlement also aims to manage impacts on communities, including families that remain in the area and host community, in this second case when it’s about collective resettlement.

The involuntary removal process follows guidelines from international organizations such as the International Finance Corporation (IFC), World Bank Group, United Nations (UN) and International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM). 

Main guidelines:  

Comply with local legislation; 
Seek alternatives to avoid or minimize involuntary resettlement; 
Observe local sociocultural aspects; 
Ensure the participation of families impacted in decision-making, mitigating asymmetries related to access to information and negotiation capacity; 
Ensure the autonomy of families in their individual decisions; 
Provide listening channels and promote the interactions management; 
Offer care measures that guarantee the restitution of the means of life in a condition equivalent or better to the previously verified.
Stages of the involuntary resettlement process: 


At this stage, preliminary surveys are carried out, analysis of potential impacts and studies for project location alternatives in order to avoid or minimize involuntary resettlement, as well as the deadlines and necessary resources for the full implementation of the process.


At this stage, a socioeconomic survey and detailed studies are carried out to understand the reality of families, communities and the territory. Potential impacts are also analyzed to support the proposition of an Involuntary Resettlement Action Plan (RAP).

Structuring of the Resettlement Action Plan

In this stage, the engagement of stakeholders is carried out to agree on service measures and eligibility for the Involuntary Resettlement Action Plan (RAP), including remaining families and host communities when affected, with additional attention to the most vulnerable groups and people with mobility difficulties and locomotion.

Execution of the Resettlement Action Plan

In this stage, the assistance measures of the Involuntary Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) are implemented, aimed at restoring livelihoods. Indicators are also monitored to assess the service provided.
In 2021, 805 families were engaged in different stages of the involuntary removal process in Brazil. Of this total, 572 families are being assisted in this process because of works to de-characterize dams in Minas Gerais.

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